A more precise numerical model of butterfly flight dynamics_rutile crystal jewellery     DATE: 2022-08-18 00:24:37

February 15, 2022

A more precise numerical model of butterfly flight dynamics

by Shinshu University

butterfly
Credit: CC0 Public Domain

Butterfly flight is a complex phenomenon in which the flow of air generated by the flapping of wings and the movement of the butterflies themselves are intricately intertwined. Many elements of butterfly aerodynamics have yet to be understood, even in terms of basic movement.

A team led by professor Kosuke Suzuki of the Department of Engineering, Shinshu University measured the actual movement of butterflies with high-speed video and put it in a motion capture program identifying characteristic points on their wings and bodies.

A numerical butterfly model based on this data was conceived as accurately as possible. Coincidentally, the model reproduced what was suggested through simulations using a simple model that the lab had formulated previously. The butterfly model, which is more precise than the previous studies, confirmed what had been suggested in the past.

Now that the group has elucidated the lion's share of how the butterflies generate force, the group would like to elucidate the mechanism by which the torque is controlled by the butterfly without losing its attitude. Ultimately, this mechanism can be applied to the design of micro air vehicles (MAVs).

High-speed camera (HAS-U2, DITECT) was used to film the butterfly's take-off, and based on the video, the trajectory of the six characteristic points taken on the butterfly's wings and body is recorded by the moving object tracking software (DIPP-MotionV/3D, DITECT). Credit: Kosuke Suzuki, Masashi Nakamura, Masaya Kouji, Masato Yoshino
Comparison between the movements of the numerical butterfly model and of an actual butterfly. The model aligns with the actual movement, indicating a construction of a satisfactory model. Credit: Kosuke Suzuki, Masashi Nakamura, Masaya Kouji, Masato Yoshino
The flow around the numerical butterfly model is calculated by the immersed boundary-lattice Boltzmann method, and the flow field is visualized using an index called vorticity. The flapping of the model causes a flow downward and backward. Credit: Kosuke Suzuki, Masashi Nakamura, Masaya Kouji, Masato Yoshino

"Revisiting the flight dynamics of take-off of a butterfly: experiments and CFD simulations for a cabbage white butterfly" was published in the journal Biology Open.


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More information:Kosuke Suzuki et al, Revisiting the flight dynamics of take-off of a butterfly: experiments and CFD simulations for a cabbage white butterfly, Biology Open(2022). DOI: 10.1242/bio.059136 Provided by Shinshu University Citation: A more precise numerical model of butterfly flight dynamics (2022, February 15) retrieved 15 February 2022 from https://phys.org/news/2022-02-precise-numerical-butterfly-flight-dynamics.html This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. 8 shares